Wednesday, January 28, 2009
A mute, utilitarian container? The crystallization of ideas? A shelter in the form of art. According to Ralph Waldo Emerson "A blossoming in stone and a flowering of geometry. According to "Goethe" "Frozen Music" " Human triumph over gravitation and the will to power" Nietzsche. "The will of an epoch translated into space" Architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe." The Magnificent play of forms in light."Architect Le Corbusier...A cultural instrument- according to Louis I Kahn. "Inhabited sculpture" Constantin Brancusi.and Ada Louise Huxtable "Architecture is balance of structural science and aesthetic expression for the satisfaction of needs that go far beyond utilitarian. Louis I. Kahn, "architecture is what nature cannot make."
I agree with nearly all of the above except for the statement of Louis I. Kahn because without nature, plants, soil, trees, stones, sunlight, the earth itself we would have no architecture and most designs were taken from nature. The golden angle for creating perfect measurements in creating forms or structures is taken straight from nature.(the sunflower seed). Without the resources from the earth the peoples of the earth would not have been able to construct anything.
Critique from Grimm's Fairy tale.
King Thrushbeard. The story explains that everything is not necessarily what it seems. The way things look or are perceived may have a different
paradigm. In this case the King's daughter was spoiled and haunty and of little experience in life
when her father tried to find a suitor for her she rejected all on mere appearance.
Plays, stories, movies,as an art form require the coordination of skilled individuals, writers, actors, producers, directors, art designers, taylors, electricians an whole aray of specialized individuals to construct an art such is true as in architecture.
End of Eastern Zhou Dynasty in China
First Punic War ends after Carthaginian defeat of the Battle of Asgates Islands.
Culture and Science:
Neolithic Japan Yayoi
Formed Kyrisher borrowed Knowledge from Han dynasty of Chine 206BC-
Epicurus Materialistic movement of History of Philosophy occurred "Pain
Pleasure principle the basis causes of behavior are man's instinctive avoidance of pain and attraction to pleasure. "eat drink and be merry for tomorrow you may die."
Stics philosopher advocates taking the world as you find it-bearing pain and
doing good for its practical results.
Sri Lankan Buddhist architecture relieft sculptures
Dolomite marble and brick stucco covered exterior Polonaruva.
Fishing village discovered along Siene River Paris France first sign of
civilization of the city of Paris France.
First Enviornmentalist : Ashoka the Great and Peiysdarsi ruled over Maurya Dynasty of India 273-232BC including present day Iran and Afghanistan.
After conversion to Buddhism Ashoka created first animal protection
Egypt: Under Ptolemies (Ptolemy Philadelphus) 285-259BC
Geometrician Euclid Manetho Egyptian historian choronologies ancient
Egyptian civilization and found to be accurate and thorough.
Arisistratos created the science of Physiology.
Japan Kofun Period funerary rituals burial chambers Militaristic rulers
developed. Southern Honshu providence.
Roman Emperor Decius begins systematic persecution of christian to ensure
The History of Architecture Iconic Buildings Throughout the Ages: Gaynor Aaltonen
Weather and Science Foundation: http://www.longrangeweather.com/ 250BC
Leland M. Roth: Understanding Architecture: Its Elements, History, and Meaning.